White Bluffs, Washington  
Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul & Pacific Railroad Company

Sagebrush Annie, Milwaukee's regular train into the Priest Rapids Valley, with a Tacoma Eastern steam engine

Milwaukee Depot, White Bluffs. Milwaukee built the depot in 1913, and the "old town" of White Bluffs rebuilt itself around the new depot.

The "Orchards of Eden" at White Bluffs, Washington


Aerial Photograph of White Bluffs, May, 1943. Lengthy train carloads at key industries apparently show evacuation trains, taking equipment, supplies and inventory out of White Bluffs before the town was destroyed.

Main Street, White Bluffs

White Bluffs is boarded up, 1943, before the Government moves in to burn the town and the surrounding orchards to the ground.

Kristi Pihl, "Franklin County Places White Bluffs Marker," Tri-city Herald, May 18, 2011.

Rob McKenna, "Battle is Putting Politics over People," Hanford News, July 128, 2010.

Gale Metcalf, "Residents Recall Long-gone Towns," Hanford News, August 2, 1993

"Hanford Pioneer, Advocate Annette Heriford Dies at 88," Hanford News, August 8, 2009

Annette Cary, "66 Years Later, Family Allowed to Visit Ranch Lost at Hanford's Inception, Hanford News, May 10, 2009

John Trumbo, "Exhibit Recounts Residents' Story," Tri-City Herald, October 17, 2008

Annette Cary, "Historic Photos Show a Time Before Hanford," Hanford News, June 15, 2008

William Rickard, "Atomic Bomb Left Many Memories," Hanford News, August 8, 2007

"Tradition Restored," Hanford News, June 16, 2005

Dori O'Neal, "Young Hanford Serves as Backdrop for 'White Bluffs'," Hanford News, July 7, 2000

John Trumbo, "Homecoming Bittersweet for ex-White Bluffs Resident," Hanford News, August 6, 2000

John Stang, "90-Year-Old Yakima Man a Living Link to Hanford's Pioneer Past," Hanford News, October 3, 1999

Chris Sivula, "Observing 60: Fateful Flight Found Site for Secret War Project," Hanford News, December 22, 2002

Chris Sivula, "Hanford's Natural Assets Made It a Natural for War Effort," Hanford News, December 22, 2002

Gale Metcalf, "We Were in Such Shock: 30-day Notices Pushed Off Farmers Who Settled a Desert," Hanford News, February 21, 1993

Robert Woehler, "Towns Yield to War: Hanford Built on Homesteads," Hanford News, February 21, 1993

Chris Sivula, John Stang, Gale Metcalf, "Making Room for an Atomic Age," Hanford News, February 21, 1993

"Farmers Followed Indians, Traders to Bluffs Beside Columbia," Hanford News, February 21, 1993

Annette Cary, "Lost Towns Remembered," Hanford News, August 3, 2003


Nancy Mendenhall, "Orchards of Eden: White Bluffs on the Columbia, 1907-1943," Seattle: Far Eastern Press, 2006.

Mary Powell Harris, "Goodbye, White Bluffs," (Yakima: Franklin Press, 1972).

Martha Berry Parker, "Tales of Richland, White Bluffs and Hanford, 1805-1943," (Fairfield, Washington: Ye Galleon Press, 1986).